2019-07-04T12:48:14 n12572

Spatio-Temporal patterns of Barmah Forest Virus Disease in Queensland, Australia

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Barmah Forest virus (BFV) disease is a common and wide-spread mosquito-borne disease in Australia. This study investigated the spatio-temporal patterns of BFV disease in Queensland, Australia using geographical information system (GIS) tools and geostatistical analysis.

We calculated the incidence rates and standardised incidence rates of BFV disease. Moran's I statistic was used to assess the spatial autocorrelation of BFV incidences. Spatial dynamics of BFV disease was examined using semi-variogram analysis. Interpolation techniques were applied to visualise and display the spatial distribution of BFV disease in statistical local areas (SLAs) throughout Queensland. Mapping of BFV disease by SLAs reveals the presence of substantial spatio-temporal variation over time. Statistically significant differences in BFV incidence rates were identified among age groups (χ2 = 7587, df = 7327,p<0.01). There was a significant positive spatial autocorrelation of BFV incidence for all four periods, with the Moran's I statistic ranging from 0.1506 to 0.2901 (p<0.01). Semi-variogram analysis and smoothed maps created from interpolation techniques indicate that the pattern of spatial autocorrelation was not homogeneous across the state.

This is the first study to examine spatial and temporal variation in the incidence rates of BFV disease across Queensland using GIS and geostatistics. The BFV transmission varied with age and gender, which may be due to exposure rates or behavioural risk factors. There are differences in the spatio-temporal patterns of BFV disease which may be related to local socio-ecological and environmental factors. These research findings may have implications in the BFV disease control and prevention programs in Queensland.

Location of data collection

153.552920,-9.929730 137.994575,-9.929730 137.994575,-29.178588 153.552920,-29.178588 153.552920,-9.929730


Naish, Sue, Hu, Wenbiao, Mengersen, Kerrie, & Tong, Shilu (2011) Spatio-temporal patterns of Barmah Forest Virus disease in Queensland, Australia. PLoS ONE, 6(10), pp. 1-11. http://eprints.qut.edu.au/52474/

Research areas

Barmah Forest Virus Disease
Information and computing sciences

Cite this collection

Naish, Suchithra; Hu, Wenbiao; Mengersen, Kerrie; Tong, Shilu (2011): Spatio-Temporal Patterns of Barmah Forest Virus Disease in Queensland, Australia Appendix_S1.doc. PLOS ONE.

Access the data


Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY)


Copyright: © 2011 Naish et al.

Dates of data collection

From 1993 to 2008


Was collected by
Kerrie Mengersen  (Researcher)
Shilu Tong  (Researcher)
Sue Naish  (Researcher)
Wenbiao Hu  (Researcher)


Name: Distinguished Professor Kerrie Mengersen
Phone: +61 7 3138 2063
Fax: +61 7 3138 2310


Date record created:
Date record modified:
Record status:
Published - Open Access