2017-01-06T15:06:22 q45

N2O and N2 emissions from irrigated cotton in subtropical northeast Australia

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Cotton is one of many agricultural industries in Australia heavily reliant on nitrogenous fertilizers and water storages to maintain high levels of production. Cotton-based farming systems are therefore labelled as potentially high-risk agricultural systems with respect to gases losses of nitrogen to the atmosphere. The on-farm study was undertaken at Dalby in the Darling Downs region of Queensland in north eastern Australia. The field was furrow irrigated and had been under continuous cotton (with winter bare fallow) for 10 years. An automated greenhouse gas measuring system (developed by Butterbach-Bahl et al.) was utilised that consisted of six chambers connected to sequential sampling unit, a gas chromatograph (equipped with both electron capture and flame ionization detectors for nitrous oxide and methane analysis respectively), and a Licor for carbon dioxide. The experiment also directly measured the specific losses of N2O and N2 from a single application of N fertiliser using 15N isotopically labelled urea. As there was little residual N in the profile after the previous crop, the grower applied 200 kg starter N in August 2006, and planted in late October, 2006. An application of 15N labelled urea (99% atom excess 15N) was made on 2 November in three (of the six) gas sampling chambers equivalent to 120 kg N/ha (treatment A), and 60 kg N/ha equivalent in the remaining three chambers (Treatment B). The grower applied 23 and 46 kg N as urea in the irrigation water, 98 and 135 days after the 15N urea was applied.

Access rights

Terms of use for the data to be determined through negotiation with the primary contact. To arrange access to this data contact the primary contact.

Geographical area of data collection

iso19139dcmiBox
northlimit=-26.375; southlimit=-28.375; westlimit=150.75; eastLimit=152.875; projection=WGS84

Publications

Grace, Peter, Rowlings, David, Rochester, Ian, Kiese, Ralf, & Butterbach-Bahl, Klaus (2010) Nitrous oxide emissions from irrigated cotton soils of northern Australia. In Gilkes, R & Prakongkep, N (Eds.) Soil Solutions for a Changing World: proceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science, 1 - 6 August 2010, Australia http://eprints.qut.edu.au/37658/
Van Zwieten, Lukas, Kimber, Stephen, Morris, S., Downie, Adriana, Berger, E., Rust, Josh, & Scheer, Clemens (2010) Influence of biochars on flux of N2O and CO2 from Ferrosol. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 48(6 - 7), pp. 555-568. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SR10004

Research areas

Cotton
CO2
Earth sciences
subtropical
Geochemistry
Atmospheric sciences
furrow irrigated
N2O
fertilisation

Cite this collection

Rowlings,David; Grace,Peter. (2010): N2O and N2 emissions from irrigated cotton in subtropical northeast Australia. [Queensland University of Technology]. https://doi.org/10.4225/09/586f221aa2a48

Copyright

©

Dates of data collection

From 2007-09-17 to 2008-05-05

Connections

Has association with
David Rowlings  (Researcher)
Peter Grace  (Researcher)
Is supported by
Metacat  (Equipment)

Contacts

Name: David Rowlings

Other

Date record created:
2010-12-06T13:31:04Z
Date record modified:
2017-01-06T15:06:22
Record status:
Published - Open Access